Factors associated with student snacking consumption

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Snacks and food are sold in school, mostly consumed by students. The unhealthy random snacking may cause them at risk of health problems. This study was aimed at analyzed factors that are related to students in snack consumption. Correlation design was applied in this study. The population in this research was children who are in grades second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth in elementary school. The total sampling was 258 respondents that qualified inclusion with stratified random sampling. The independent variables were student’s knowledge, student’s attitude, mother’s role, teacher’s role, and peer’s role. The dependent variable was student snacking consumption. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Then, it was analyzed using the Spearman rho correlation test with a significance level of α ≤ 0.05. Result showed that student knowledge (ρ = 0.000), student attitude (ρ = 0.000), mother’s role (ρ = 0.009), teacher’s role (ρ = 0.000), and peer’s (ρ = 0.01) do have correlation with student snack consumption. In conclusion, student’s knowledge, student’s attitude, mother’s role, teacher’s role, and peer’s role correlate with student snack consumption. Students’ snack consumption is supported by predisposing factors; good knowledge and attitude of the student. Then, the good roles of mother, teacher, and peer are reinforcing factors. Further studies enabling the factors of snack consumption can be used to obtain more accurate results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2669-2673
Number of pages5
JournalEurAsian Journal of BioSciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Attitude
  • Knowledge
  • Mothers
  • Peers
  • Snacking consumption
  • Teachers


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