Factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis of positive acid fast bacilli in surabaya

Lailatun Nimah, Tintin Sukartini, Syarif Hidayatullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study aimed to explain the most important factors in the incidence of positive acid-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis. This study used a cross-sectional approach. The sample was 68, consisting of 34 AFB (Acid Fast Bacilli) positive and 34 AFB negative, determined by initial examination. Data was collected via questionnaires and analysed by univariate (frequency distribution) and bivariate using Chi Square test with significance number <0.05. The most influential BCG immunization status, education, smoking, occupation, knowledge, nutritional status, occupancy density, income and gender, indicate the relationship but the risk is neutral, while age and comorbidities have no significant associated risk. The risk factors contributing to positive AFB in Perak Timur and Tanah Kali Kedinding areas were BCG immunization status, education, smoking habit, occupation, knowledge, nutrition status and occupancy density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2686-2692
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Acid fast bacilli positive
  • Immunization status
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis


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