Factors affecting the smoking behavior of 17-25 year-old teenagers in urban areas

Yoas Yosia Kristianto, Abu Bakar, Deni Yasmara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. Indonesia is one of low-income countries with smoking as its primary health problem. This problem also appears among women living in urban environments. Although Indonesian culture previously held smoking to be a taboo for Indonesian women, with the passing time, the number of female teen smokers has been growing. Objective: The aim of this research was to analyze factors influencing the smoking behavior of urban females of 17-25 years of age. Method. This quantitative research employed a cross-sectional design. The population of this research includes urban females aged 17 to 25 years old. The sample used consisted of 35 respondents who were selected by the consecutive sampling technique. The independent variables of this research were environment (peer and family support), location, and psychological factor (stress). The dependent variable was smoking behavior. The whole data were analyzed using Spearman’s statistical test. Results. The research results show that the smoking behavior of females in their late adolescence was influenced by peer support (p = 0.026), family support (p = 0.038), and location (p = 0.003). The psychological factor, stress, did not affect the smoking behavior of females in their late adolescence (p = 0.133). Conclusion. Location was the dominant factor that influenced female adolescents’ smoking behavior (correlation coefficient = 0.482). It is expected that this research provides recommendations for preventing the increase in the number of female smokers, especially those living in urban environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1242-1246
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Family
  • Female in late adolescence
  • Location
  • Peer
  • Smoking behavior
  • Stress

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