Background: Caesarean sections have become the most popular method for delivering twin babies because of the safety concerns associated with a natural birth. This study aims to identify the maternal characteristics and obstetric parameters that serve as risk factors influencing caesarean delivery in twin pregnancies by comparing women delivering via caesarean section and vaginal birth. Methods: A retrospective chart review design was used to analyse 47 women with multiple pregnancies from the medical records at a primary referral hospital in East Java, Indonesia. Women delivering vaginally were then compared with women who underwent a caesarean section to identify any differences between the groups. Results: In our study, more women delivered by caesarean section (n=35) than by vaginal birth (n=12). Women were more likely to undergo a caesarean section if they had a previous history of undergoing a caesarean section (OR 16.5; 95% CI 1.91-142.49; p=0.02). Similar to previous studies, we found that foetal malpresentation significantly increase the risk of caesarean delivery (OR 8.25; 95%CI 0.95-71.09; p=0.03), while labour augmentation decrease the likelihood of caesarean section (OR 0.20; 95% CI 0.49-0.81; p=0.03). There was also a significant older patients in the caesarean section groups (OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.09-1.45 ; p=0.00). Conclusions: The percentage of multiple pregnancies delivered via caesarean section is quite high. Other larger cohort study are warranted, since many factors were involved in the decision of caesarean section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1481
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • cesarean section
  • complication
  • multiple pregnancy
  • vaginal birth


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