Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma presenting as a mediastinal mass with vena cava superior syndrome: A rare case report

Lakcandra Amar Amori, Isnin Anang Marhana, Dwi Wahyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Extraskeletal Ewing's Sarcoma is a rare entity of sarcoma that develops rapidly within soft tissue in any anatomic region, and the symptoms depend on its location. Case presentation: The X-ray examination of a 28-year-old man with shortness of breath, cough, weight loss, and chest pain showed malignant round cell, in which confirmed by immunohistochemical examination. The examination indicated positive Vimentin findings in the cytoplasm and positive FLI-1 in the nuclei of the tumour cells. The diagnosis was consistent with extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma. The patient submitted to a chest conference and received radiotherapy related to SVCS before debulking surgery. Discussion: The diagnostic challenges associated with Ewing's sarcoma may arise due to its diverse histological spectrum. Further examination is required in order to distinguish Ewing's sarcoma from other tumours, as its radiological specificity is limited. A multimodal approach for treatment and therapy is necessary to highlight the specific requirements of the patient's condition. Conclusion: Imaging modalities including X-rays and thoracic CT scans, supported by histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry, are essential for accurately diagnosing Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma. A multimodal approach may be considered as the best treatment for the patient with mediastinal Ewing's sarcoma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109724
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma
  • Malignant round cell

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