Apoptosis is regulated by caspase-9 as an initiator, and caspase-3 as an executor, via an intrinsic pathway which can be used as diagnostic indicator. This study aimed to observe the expression of caspase-9 in undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma stage IV as a molecular marker. This was non-experimental, analytical, observational, quantitative study with crosssectional approach. A biopsy was performed on patients of undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Patients were classified according to histopathology and clinical stage that refers to UICC. Expression of caspase-9 was measured with the immunohistochemical assay and further analyzed statistically. From 24 subjects, there were 12 subjects diagnosed as undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma stage IV. Receiving operating curve (ROC) of caspase-9 was between 50 % and 100 %. Value of AUC from ROC was 75.3 % (95 % IK 55.6 % - 95.1 %) p = 0.035. Expression of caspase-9 as an indicator of undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma stage IV was less than 2.294 with a sensitivity of 66.7 % and specificity of 66.7 %.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of ChemTech Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Molecular diagnostic
- Undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma stage IV