Exploring global mothers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice of complementary feeding: A scoping review

Ira Dwijayanti, Abdullah Al Mamun, Dini Setiarsih, Muji Sulistyowati, Trias Mahmudiono

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Complementary feeding refers to the practice of providing solid foods and liquids in addition to breast milk when a baby reaches 6 mo of age. This becomes necessary to meet a baby's nutritional needs because of the potential nutrient insufficiency of breast milk alone. This review serves as an effective means to comprehensively understand the intricate and evolving nature of complementary feeding practices, often influenced by cultural, regional, and parental factors, from a literature perspective that acknowledges the dynamic aspects of complementary feeding. The data in this study were extracted and presented according to the recommendations from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews, as guidelines. The studies were conducted using digital databases such as PubMed, Springer Link, and Science Direct from 2014 to 2022. A total of 1205 eligible studies were retrieved from the three databases searched, with 17 articles finally reviewed for data extraction. Overall, there remains a gap between mothers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding complementary feeding. Addressing these disparities within and between countries necessitates targeted interventions and educational programs to enhance mothers’ understanding, align attitudes with guidelines, and promote healthier practices for the well-being of children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112335
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Attitude
  • Complementary feeding
  • Knowledge
  • Malnutrition
  • Practices


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