Exploration of several plants from Baung Forest on bone formation cell models

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Osteoporosis is an ailment described by a skeletal degradation of bone skeletal dominating to increases the chance of fracture. In order to find out the bone formation agents from Baung Forest plants, this research analyzed the effects of 96% ethanol extract of several plants from Baung Forest on antioxidant activity and the effect of osteoblast differentiation-related to the bone formation on the most potent extract. The antioxidant effect and osteoblast differentiation of 96% ethanol extracts were evaluated by measuring DPPH scavenging and alkaline phosphatase in p-nitrophenyl phosphate effects by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reader method, respectively. The 96% ethanol extract of Elaeocarpus serratus L. from Baung Forest had the strongest DPPH radical scavenging as anti oxidant (82.17%) and stimulated osteoblast differentiation (116%). Then, this extract had been fractionated based on polarity to become hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and aqueous fractions. All the fractions stimulated their alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity to 138.11 ± 9.72%, 108 ± 5.05%, 148.56 ± 8.47, and 144.58 ± 1.04, respectively. The extract and fractions of E. serratus L. can successfully inhibit DPPH radical scavenging value and increase ALP activities as markers of osteoblast functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • 96% ethanol extract
  • DPPH scavenging
  • Elaeocarpus serratus
  • alkaline phosphatase
  • bone formation


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