Delving students’ metacognition based on reflective and impulsive cognitive style in problem solving about solubility

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Abstract

This study aimed to explore students’ metacognition in solving the solubility problem based on reflective and impulsive cognitive style. This qualitative research data included both documents of written tests and deep interviews. Subjects were students of a high school in East Java, Indonesia. The results showed that student with reflective cognitive style did metacognitive activities more systematically therefore they could solve the problem easily, considered all alternatives before making a decision, were able to make improvements, focused, and re-examined their activities. The subjects with impulsive cognitive style carried out metacognitive activities hastily in solving problems, not realizing that error had occurred, not analyzing for conformity with the objectives, not recognizing the mistakes so improvements were not possible, not considering the alternatives in making decisions, and not conducting an evaluation. This research was useful in designing learning strategies that aimed to optimize students’ metacognition in solving problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-30
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Science Education
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Metacognition
  • Problem solving
  • Reflective and impulsive cognitive style

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