Exclusive breastfeeding based on the health promotion model in madura island

Esti Yunitasari, Rofita Wahyu Andriani, Sylvia Dwi Wahyuni

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Exclusive breastfeeding is an Indonesian government program in reducing mortality and morbidity of infants. Exclusive breastfeeding percentage in Indonesia have not met the target. There was a decrease of 18.7% in exclusive breastfeeding in Sreseh, Madura. National percentage of breastfeeding is 80%; East Java percentage of breastfeeding is 61.9%; Sampang Regency percentage of breastfeeding is 46.8%, and in Sreseh, Madura is 42.4%. This study aimed to explain the exclusive breastfeeding based on the health promotion model theory. The study used descriptive-analytic with a cross-sectional approach. The total population was 221 people selected by simple random sampling resulted in 85 respondents as samples. Inclusion criteria were mothers who have babies aged 6-12 months. The instrument used was the questionnaire then analyzed using validity and reliability tests. The chi-square test with a significance level α <0.05 was applied for the bivariate test. The dependent variables in this study were the benefits of action, self-efficacy, interpersonal factors, and situational factors. The finding showed a correlation between the benefits of action (p=0.000), self-efficacy (p=0.000), interpersonal influence (p=0.000), and situational influence (p=0.000) with exclusive breastfeeding. The benefits of action, self-efficacy, interpersonal influences, and situational influences in the Health Promotion Model have a correlation with exclusive breastfeeding. Self-efficacy is the most dominant factor compared to other factors related to exclusive breastfeeding. Therefore, self-efficacy needs to be improved in mothers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1685-1690
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Benefit of the action
  • Exclusive breastfeeding
  • Interpersonal
  • Self-efficacy


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