Eosinophilic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a COPD phenotype with several clinical characteristics such as eosinophilic airway inflammation, more common in men and less severe COPD. Eosinophilic COPD has more exacerbations but responds well to corticosteroids and bronchodilators. We hereby report the case of a patient who came to us with shortness of breath, fever, wheezing and a cough with yellow phlegm. He had a history of smoking 4.5 pack-year and two episodes of pulmonary tuberculosis (the second was pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis). He was diagnosed with eosinophilic COPD exacerbation and pneumonia. Intravenous corticosteroids, bronchodilators and antibiotics were given and his condition improved after a week of hospitalisation. Smoking and pulmonary tuberculosis are risk factors for COPD. In this case, irreversible airflow obstruction is related to COPD and also pulmonary TB. There are several mechanisms that cause airway obstruction in pulmonary tuberculosis, one of which is persistent mycobacterium acting as a co-factor along with smoking and several environmental factors that cause chronic airway inflammation and result in bronchial narrowing with or without parenchymal destruction.
- Eosinophilic COPD
- Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis