Evaluation of anaesthesia methods in caesarean section for foetal distress

Sri Wahjoeningsih, Widowati Witjaksono

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anaesthetic technique for Caesarean section which was appropriate for the clinical situation. This retrospective study was conducted on 240 patients undergoing Caesarean section with indications of foetal distress during a 3-year period (2002-2004). The data were reviewed from the patient's medical record of the Department of Anesthesiology, Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya. The patients were divided into three groups, according to the criteria of foetal heart rates. The success of the anaesthesia methods was determined by assessing the Apgar scores of the newborn baby. The results were analyse using Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-Square test. P ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. 1- and 5-minute Apgar score of the normal range group was significantly higher than that of the bradycardia group (p<0.05), but no significant differences was found between the normal range and the tachycardia group (p>0.05). One-and five- minute Apgar scores of the sub-arachnoid block group were significantly higher than those of the general anesthesia group (p<0.05). One-minute Apgar score of the ketamine group was significantly higher than that of the thiopental group (p<0.05), but no significant differences in 5-minute Apgar score was found between the ketamine and the thiopental groups (p>0.05). We conclude that subarachnoid block is the choice of anaesthesia for patients undergoing Caesarean section for foetal distress's diagnosed at PS 1 and 2 patients. General anaesthesia with ketamine Apgar score at one minute better than that of the thiopental.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007


  • Caesarean section
  • Emergency
  • Foetal distress
  • Obstetric anaesthesia


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