Epidemiology of Occupational Contact Dermatitis (OCD) on health workers in Covid-19

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Abstract

Background Generally, the diagnosis of OCD can be considered after a history of exposure to the suspected material and a thorough physical examination. Meanwhile, vital information about it is often overlooked during the initial consultation. Objective Evaluating the epidemiological profile of OCD cases in health workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic and evaluating complaints, manifestations and causative materials of OCD cases in health workers at the isolation ward of Dr. Soetomo Surabaya Hospital during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods Purposive sampling was used to design research samples from accessible populations that matched the inclusion requirements while those who met exclusion criteria were included as research samples. Results Majority OCD patients are women and the most common age range is between 22-35 years old. The occupation most affected by OCD while working at isolation ward during the pandemic is nurses. The most common complaint is itching followed by redness of the skin which appears most frequently on the hands. The most prominent clinical manifestations are desquamation followed by erythema-like skin lesions. Medical gloves are the sort of personal protection equipment that causes OCD the most, followed by hand hygiene activities. High risk factors for OCD include a family history of atopic illnesses, history of asthma and an early history of atopic dermatitis. Conclusion The use of PPE can cause several effects on the skin such as physical trauma to the skin, acne, contact dermatitis, urticaria, and aggravate previous skin diseases. The most common skin disorders are erythema, papules, scales, fissures, erosions, ulcers, vesicles and wheals. Complaints of contact dermatitis can be reduced and prevented by taking preventive measures in the form of using moisturizers on areas that are often exposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-219
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists
Volume33
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Cellulite
  • carboxytherapy
  • collagen septae
  • cosmeceuticals
  • dermal filler
  • extracorporeal shockwave therapy
  • laser
  • radiofrequency
  • subscision

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