Environment-friendly copper-based chalcogenide thin film solar cells: status and perspectives

Tahta Amrillah, Adi Prasetio, Abdul Rohman Supandi, David Hadid Sidiq, Fajar Sukamto Putra, Muhammad Adi Nugroho, Zahra Salsabilla, Randi Azmi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Copper chalcogenides (CuCh) have attracted considerable attention due to their promising potential as environmental-friendly photoactive material for lightweight and flexible thin film solar cells. Further, CuCh can be fabricated from simple to complex chemical compositions and offer a remarkable charge carrier mobility and excellent absorption coefficient with a desirable bandgap (up to ∼1.0 eV). Currently, they have demonstrated maximum power conversion efficiencies of over 23% for single-junction, around 25% and 28% for monolithic 2-Terminal (2T) and mechanically-stacked 4-Terminal (4T) perovskite/CuCh tandem solar cells, respectively. This article presents an overview of CuCh-based materials, from binary- to quaternary-CuCh compounds for single- and multi-junction solar cells. Then, we discuss the development of fabrication methods and the approaches taken to improve the performance of CuCh-based thin film itself, including chemical doping, the development of complement layers, and their potential application in flexible and lightweight devices. Finally, these technologies' stability, scalability, and toxicity aspects are discussed to enhance their current marketability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-339
Number of pages27
JournalMaterials Horizons
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2022


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