Enhanced two-terminal impedance-based fault location using sequence values

Muhd Hafizi Idris, Mohd Rafi Adzman, Hazlie Mokhlis, Lilik Jamilatul Awalin, Mohammad Faridun Naim Tajuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Fault at transmission line system may lead to major impacts such as power quality problems and cascading failure in the grid system. Thus, it is very important to locate it fast so that suitable solution can be taken to ensure power system stability can be retained. The complexity of the transmission line however makes the fault point identification a challenging task. This paper proposes an enhanced fault detection and location method using positive and negative-sequence values of current and voltage, taken at both local and remote terminals. The fault detection is based on comparison between the total fault current with currents combination during the pre-fault time. While the fault location algorithm was developed using an impedance-based method and the estimated fault location was taken at two cycles after fault detection. Various fault types, fault resistances and fault locations have been tested in order to verify the performance of the proposed method. The developed algorithms have successfully detected all faults within high accuracy. Based on the obtained results, the estimated fault locations are not affected by fault resistance and line charging current. Furthermore, the proposed method able to detect fault location without the needs to know the fault type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1305
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Fault detection
  • Fault location
  • Impedance method
  • Sequence values
  • Two-terminal


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