ENGA: Elastic Net-Based Genetic Algorithm for human action recognition

Inzamam Mashood Nasir, Mudassar Raza, Siti Maghfirotul Ulyah, Jamal Hussain Shah, Norma Latif Fitriyani, Muhammad Syafrudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Video surveillance and activity monitoring are the practical real-time applications of Human Action Recognition (HAR). A fusion of several Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architectures has been widely used for effective HAR and achieved impressive results. Feature fusion of multiple pre-trained models also extracts redundant features due to the combinations of identical layers in all CNN architectures. In this study, network-level fusion is proposed, which reduces the possibility of having identical layers throughout the fusion process and helps extract unique features. Three pre-trained models, i.e., NASNetLarge, DenseNet201, and DarkNet53 are selected and analyzed to select the most efficient combinations of layers among these networks. Selected combinations of these networks are fused using five proposed strategies, i.e., sum, max, concatenation, convolutional and bilinear fusion. In the end, a proposed minimized CNN architecture is utilized to extract descriptors, which are optimized using the proposed Elastic Net-based Genetic Algorithm (ENGA) approach. A two-phase hybrid ENGA technique is suggested to pick features using both GA and EN. GA is used in the initial stage to reduce the dimensionality of retrieved features. To eliminate the unnecessary features, EN regularization is put into place in the second phase. The proposed ENGA model is evaluated on four publicly available datasets including UTKinect-Action, MSR-Action3D dataset, Florence3D-Action dataset, and Youtube-8 m, and achieved 99.63%, 99.69%. 98.63% and 91.46% accuracies, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120311
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023


  • CNN
  • Elastic Net
  • Feature Fusion
  • Genetic Algorithm
  • Network Level Fusion
  • Transfer-learning


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