Energy intake, body image, physical activity and nutritional status of teenagers

Ratna Candra Dewi, Bambang Wirjatmadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The physical appearance of an individual is important for teenagers. An assessment known as “body image,” is a feeling of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the state of the body and its appearance. The study aimed to analyze body image, energy adequacy, physical activity, and nutritional status. A total of 95 students of Sport Science at the State University of Surabaya were examined in this research using observational analytic and a cross sectional study design. Anthropometric measurements include evaluating body weight and height, examining the consumption pattern data using the 2x24 hour recall method and food frequency questionnaire. Furthermore, it analyzes the physical activity using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire method, and determines body image using questionnaires. Energy adequacy is calculated by comparing the average energy consumption with Recommended Dietary Allowances, while the nutritional status is measured using the Body Mass Index. Similarly, the relationships between variables were analyzed using the Spearman Rank Correlation Test. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between energy intake, adequacy, body image, and nutritional status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1194
JournalJournal of Public Health in Africa
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2019


  • Body image
  • Energy intake
  • Nutritional status
  • Physical activity


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