Bergenin is a polyphenolic compound that contains isocoumarin skeletal derived from C-glycosylated 4-O-methylgallic acid. The biological activities of this compound and its derivatives are quite diverse. Recent studies reveal neuroprotective effects in vitro and in vivo in Alzheimer's. Norbergenin is a demethylated form of bergenin, known for better antioxidant capacity and associated with neuroprotective properties through oxidative stress inhibition. This study focused on investigating the scavenging mechanism of norbergenin with the • OH, • OOH, and O2• - as a radical model under physiological and lipid environments. The thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of the hydrogen transfer (HT), single electron transfer (SET), sequential proton lost-electron transfer (SPLET) and radical adduct formation (RAF) mechanisms were determined theoretically by the density functional theory (DFT) at M06-2X/6-311 + + G(d,p) level of theory. Based on the computational results, this compound has proved as an excellent • OOH and • OH scavenger under physiological conditions better than Trolox and vitamin C, whereas its radical demonstrated as an efficient O2• - scavenger.
- density functional theory
- scavenging mechanism