The urbanization pattern, economic growth, co2 gas emissions and land transportation intensity

S. Almara, Nur Aini Hidayati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This research focuses on the effect of CO2 gas emissions, urbanization and economic growth on the transportation intensity in Indonesia. Econometric analysis with Vector Error Correction Model shows that there is a difference in results of the long-term assessment and short-term effects. Changes to CO2 gas emissions, urbanization and economic growth were responded to fluctuate. If the three variables increase by 1%, the transportation intensity will increase varies according to the type of variable, including CO2 gas emissions, urbanization, and economic growth. We conclude that CO2 gas emissions, urbanization and economic growth affect the transportation intensity in the positive direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-980
Number of pages16
JournalOpcion
Volume36
Issue numberSpecial Edition 27
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO2 gas emissions
  • Econometric analysis
  • Economic growth
  • Transportation intensity
  • Urbanization

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