Effect of Simmental bull seminal plasma protein in egg yolk-citrate extender on Kacang buck semen fertility

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15 Citations (Scopus)


The genetic resources of Indonesia's indigenous Kacang goat require preservation. Artificial insemination is expected to accelerate population increases and preserve genetic resources simultaneously. The present study was the maiden attempt for cryopreservation of Kacang buck sperm. The objectives of this study were to determine whether the supplementation of superior Simmental bull seminal plasma protein in egg yolk-citrate extender could improve the quality of post-thawed Kacang buck sperm, increase conceptions rates, and improve kidding rates. Buck semen was diluted without supplementation (T0) and with supplementation of 2.5 mg (T1) and 5 mg (T2) of Simmental bull seminal plasma protein per mL egg yolk-citrate extender. Extended semen was packed in 0.25 mL straw as cryopreserved frozen semen. Post-thawed semen samples were evaluated for viability, motility, intact plasma membranes, malondialdehyde level, and DNA fragmentation. Estrus was synchronized for sixty Kacang does, which were divided randomly into three groups and inseminated using post-thawed semen. The progesterone serum concentration of the does was measured 7 and 22 days post-insemination to detect ovulation and conception. Pregnancy was confirmed using abdominal palpation at 43 days post-insemination and by observing birth. The T1 group showed the highest (P < 0.05) post-thawed viability, motility, and intact plasma membrane. Conception, pregnancy and kidding rates were also higher in T1 than other treatment groups. In conclusion, the 2.5 mg Simmental bull seminal plasma protein supplementation per mL egg yolk-citrate extender provided the best seminal quality and fertility of post-thawed Kacang buck semen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • DNA fragmentation
  • Intact plasma membrane
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Motility
  • Viability


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