Effect of mobile structured educational applications on self-care management in diabetes mellitus patients

Devangga Darma Karingga, Ferry Efendi, Retno Indarwati, Angeline Bushy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Self-care management is carried out independently by Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients to meet their needs and control blood glucose. The inability to manage the disease independently can cause complications in people with DM. This study aims to determine the effect of structured educational applications to improve self-care management in people with DM. Methods: The research design was a quasy experimental. The research sample was Type 2 DM which, according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,consistedof134peopledividedintothecontrol and intervention groups. Data collection was carried outusingaself-caremanagementquestionnaire. Data analysis used a statistical test to assess the effect of the intervention on the patient. Results: Based on the Wilcoxon test, both groups showed a significant difference (p<0.05), indicating that both are mutually influential. Based on the Mann-Whitney test, a significance value of 0.0001 was obtained for both groups. There was a difference in the gain value of 45.62 for the intervention group, indicating that the intervention group was higher than the control group. Conclusion: Structured educational applications can be used as health education media for people with DM and have an impact on improving self-care management. Also, using the application makes it more accessible and efficient and saves enough operational costs compared to conventional/standard interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-286
Number of pages9
JournalGaceta Medica de Caracas
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Non-communicable diseases
  • application
  • education
  • mHealth
  • self-care management
  • telemedicine


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