Introduction: Mental health problems, such as anxiety, depression, and ineffective family coping, in children with lupus nephritis (LN) can increase the severity and affect the management of the disease, thus affecting the quality of life (QoL) of patients. Objective: Analyzing the association between levels of depression, anxiety, coping, disease activity on the QoL of pediatric patients with LN. Patients and Methods: There were 62 pediatric LN participants (16 participants in the induction phase and 46 participants in the maintenance phase). Participants were measured for anxiety, depression, coping, disease activity (systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index/SLEDAI), and QoL. The measurement results were compared between induction and maintenance groups. Analysis of the association between anxiety, depression, coping, and disease activity with the QoL of children with LN used a multiple logistic regression test with p <0.05. Results:: The measurement results obtained anxiety (induction = 69.06±3.92 and maintenance = 45.24±10.33; p <0.001), depression (induction = 69.88±3.34 and maintenance = 42.20±9.12; p <0.001), coping (induction = 99.88±12.93 and maintenance = 115.67±7.34; p <0.001), SLEDAI (induction = 15.81±12.58 and maintenance = 0.43±1.26; p <0.001), and QoL (induction = 49.92 ±12.44 and maintenance = 88.15±8.06; p <0.001).. Anxiety level in the induction group (p = 0.043) and maintenance group (p <0.001; p = 0.032; p = 0.008; p = 0.009). Depression level in the induction group (p = 0.031) and maintenance group (p = 0.024; p = 0.042; p = 0.003). SLEDAI score in the maintenance group (p = 0.003; p = 0.003). Coping in induction group (p = 0.016; p = 0.016) and maintenance group (p = 0.005). Conclusion: Mental health disorders reduce the QoL of LN children, and the level of QoL in induction phase is lower than maintenance phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1583-1593
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Anxiety
  • Coping
  • Depression
  • Disease activity
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Quality of life


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