Effect of community and peer support based healthy lifestyle program (CP-HELP) on self care behavior and fasting blood glucose in patient with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Wahyu Sukma Samudera, Ferry Efendi, Retno Indarwati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was one of chronic disease that remain global concern including in Indonesia. Healthy lifestyle is a part of diabetes mellitus treatment to achieve the highest health status and to prevent diabetes complication. Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of community and peer support based healthy lifestyle program (CP-HELP) on self-care behavior and fasting blood glucose in patient with T2DM. Methods: The research design was used quasi experimental pre and post-test design. 163 participants with T2DM were divided into two groups, 83 participants as intervention group were given CP-HELP intervention and 80 participants as control group were given usual care. Measurement of self-care behavior used Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ). Furthermore, measurement of fasting blood glucose was measured by capillary blood test. This study was used paired t test and multivariate analysis of variance. Results: An increase of mean value of self-care behavior was occurred in both of group intervention and control. A significant different between pre-test and post-test in intervention group (p = 0.000). Results of statistical test used paired t test in control group, was not showed significantly different (p = 0.249). Improved of fasting blood glucose only occurred in intervention group (p = 0.020). Results of multivariate statistic test was showed in both outcomes obtained significant value less than 0.05, self-care behavior (p = 0.010), fasting blood glucose (p = 0.042). Conclusion: CP-HELP may be a promising interventional strategy to improve self-care behavior and improving of fasting blood glucose in patient with T2DM. The research results can be used as an important reference for improving self care behavior and fasting blood glucose in patient with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Fasting blood glucose
  • Health provider
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Nurse
  • Peer support
  • Self‐care behavior

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