Effect of Colchicine in reducing MMP-9, NOX2, and TGF- β1 after myocardial infarction

Suryono Suryono, Mohammad Saifur Rohman, Edi Widjajanto, Seskoati Prayitnaningsih, Titin Andri Wihastuti, Yudi Her Oktaviono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: According to WHO 2020, CAD is the second leading cause of death in Indonesia with death cases reaching 259,297 or 15.33% of total deaths. Unfortunately, most of the patients of CAD in Indonesia did not match the golden period or decline to be treated with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). Based on the recent study, there were increases in MMP-9, NOX2, and TGF-β1 in STEMI patients which contribute to cardiac remodeling. Moreover, there is controversy regarding the benefit of late PCI (12-48 hours after onset of STEMI) in stable patients. Lately, colchicine is widely used in cardiovascular disease. This study was conducted to explore the effect of colchicine to reduce MMP- 9, NOX2, and TGF-β1 levels after myocardial infarction in stable patients. Method: In this clinical trial study, we assessed 129 STEMI patients, about 102 patients who met inclusion criteria were randomized into four groups. Around 25 patients received late PCI (12–48 h after the onset of chest pain), optimal medical treatment (OMT) for STEMI, and colchicine; 24 patients received late PCI and OMT; 22 patients didn’t get the revascularization (No Revas), OMT, and colchicine; and 31 patients received No Revas and OMT only. The laboratory test for MMP-9, NOX2, and TGF-β1 were tested in Day-1 and Day-5. The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney. Results: A total of 102 patients with mean age of 56 ± 9.9, were assigned into four groups. The data analysis showed significant results within No Revas + OMT + Colchicine group versus No Revas + OMT + Placebo in MMP-9 (Day-1: p = 0.001; Day-5: p = 0.022), NOX2 (Day-1: p = 0.02; Day-5: p = 0.026), and TGF-β1 (Day-1: p = 0.00; Day-5: p = 0.00) with the less three markers in OMT + Colchicine group than OMT + Placebo group. There were no significant differences within the late PCI + OMT + colchicine group and PCI + OMT + Placebo group. Conclusions: Colchicine could significantly reduce MMP-9, NOX2, and TGF-β1 levels in stable STEMI patients. So that, colchicine could be a potential agent in STEMI patients and prevent cardiac remodeling events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number449
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Colchicine
  • MMP-9
  • NOX2
  • PCI
  • TGF-β1


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