Effect of Acetic Acid Pre-treatment on Hydro-extraction of Water-Soluble Collagen from Skin of Alaska Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma)

Patmawati, Aliffiansyah Rizky Ergion, Laksmi Sulmartiwi, Siva Raseetha, Dwitha Nirmala, Yaowapha Waiprib, Sapta Wijayanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To date, there is no information on the skin of Alaska Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) being used as a source for collagen. In order to produce water-soluble collagen from the skin of Alaska Pollock, a process known as hydro-extraction is utilized. This technique does not need a long extraction time or a large amount of chemical reagent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acetic acid pre-treatment on hydro-extraction of water-soluble collagen from Alaska Pollock skin. The skin samples were pretreated using acetic acid at different concentrations (0.01 M; 0.05 M; 0.1 M, 0.15 M) for two hours at chilling temperature. The pre-treated skin samples were further processed to produce water-soluble collagen with the hydroxy-extraction method. The obtained collagen was analyzed for proximate compositions, yield, and amino acids compositions with high performance liquid chromatography. It was found that the proximate compositions of the collagen products, specifically the protein content (75%) and fat content (1%), met the requirements of the Indonesian National Standard (SNI 8076:2014). The collagen yield ranged from 2.6 to 3.13%. The predominate amino acids in collagen were glycine, arginine, proline, glutamic acid, serine, and alanine. Pre-treatment of skin sample with 0.15 M acetic acid resulted in the highest yield of water-soluble collagen (3.13%) and protein content (91.13%). The skin of Alaska Pollock fish could be used as an alternative raw material to produce water-soluble collagen for medical, pharmacy or food processing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-477
Number of pages10
JournalJurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2023


  • Fish Skin
  • Fisheries
  • Marine Pollution
  • Waste Valorization
  • Water-Soluble Collagen


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