Preeclampsia is hypertension that arises after 20 weeks of pregnancy accompanied by proteinuria, the symptoms are divided into mild and severe preeclampsia. Preeclampsia with a coma is called eclampsia. Globally 80% of maternal deaths are classified as direct death. Hypertension is directly responsible for approximately 20% of maternal deaths in the United States. Supas in 2015 showed maternal mortality rate in Indonesia 305/100,000 live births and the highest in Southeast Asian countries which only 40-60/100,000 live births. One of the main causes is preeclampsia/eclampsia. In Sidoarjo Regency in the last 5 years, the most common cause of maternal death was preeclampsia/eclampsia by 58%. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia in the last 5 years in the Sidoarjo Regency. This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach using secondary data from the Sidoarjo District Health Profile in 2015-2019. The results found that the highest incidence of preeclampsia/ eclampsia in the Sidoarjo Regency was Temple Health Center and Taman Health Center (5.74%), and Buduran Health Center (4.10%). The trend in the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia in the Sidoarjo Regency over the past 5 years has fluctuated and has not shown a better change. It could be concluded that there are 3 Health Centers that have the highest percentage of preeclampsia/eclampsia due to lack of knowledge about maternal health. This shows that the program carried out by the Government to reduce the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia in the Sidoarjo Regency has not been effective so further intervention is needed.
|Number of pages
|Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
|Published - 1 Oct 2020
- Ecological analysis
- Maternal health