Ecological analysis of preeclampsia/eclampsia case in sidoarjo regency, indonesia, 2015-2019

Sesotiyaningsih Madiyaning Utami, Farida Handayani, Mamik Hidayah, Ratna Dwi Wulandari, Agung Dwi Laksono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Preeclampsia is hypertension that arises after 20 weeks of pregnancy accompanied by proteinuria, the symptoms are divided into mild and severe preeclampsia. Preeclampsia with a coma is called eclampsia. Globally 80% of maternal deaths are classified as direct death. Hypertension is directly responsible for approximately 20% of maternal deaths in the United States. Supas in 2015 showed maternal mortality rate in Indonesia 305/100,000 live births and the highest in Southeast Asian countries which only 40-60/100,000 live births. One of the main causes is preeclampsia/eclampsia. In Sidoarjo Regency in the last 5 years, the most common cause of maternal death was preeclampsia/eclampsia by 58%. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia in the last 5 years in the Sidoarjo Regency. This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach using secondary data from the Sidoarjo District Health Profile in 2015-2019. The results found that the highest incidence of preeclampsia/ eclampsia in the Sidoarjo Regency was Temple Health Center and Taman Health Center (5.74%), and Buduran Health Center (4.10%). The trend in the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia in the Sidoarjo Regency over the past 5 years has fluctuated and has not shown a better change. It could be concluded that there are 3 Health Centers that have the highest percentage of preeclampsia/eclampsia due to lack of knowledge about maternal health. This shows that the program carried out by the Government to reduce the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia in the Sidoarjo Regency has not been effective so further intervention is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3474-3479
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Ecological analysis
  • Maternal health
  • Preeclampsia

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