Early detection breast cancer: Role of circulating plasma miRNA-21 expression as a potential screening biomarker

Muhammad Noor Diansyah, Ami Ashariati Prayogo, Made Putra Sedana, Merlyna Savitri, Pradana Zaky Romadhon, Putu Niken Ayu Amrita, Andi Yasmin Wijaya, Winona May Hendrata, Ugroseno Yudho Bintoro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To explore the potential of the circulating plasma miRNA-21 as an early detection biomarker by comparing early-stage breast cancer (BG) and healthy control (HG) in Indonesian population. Materials and methods: The enlisted patients were 26 adult female early-stage breast cancer patients (stage 1A, 1B, 2A, and 2B) of Airlangga University Hospital from August 2019 to October 2019. Sixteen volunteers were recruited as matching healthy subjects. MiRNA-21 expression was quantified by plasma qRT-PCR. Data analysis performed using IBM SPSS Statistics v.24 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). MiRNA-21 cut-off, sensitivity, and specificity were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: The study included 26 BG and 16 HG subjects. The miRNA-21 expression in BG group was 3.933 (1.181-11.794) and 0.905 (0.164-4.532) in HG group (4.34 folds; P = 0.001), with 1.66 cut-off (92.3% sensitivity; 81.2% specificity). MiRNA-21 expression separated analysis in HG showed a 0.578 times lower expression in menopause subjects [0.651 (0.164-0.414)], compared to premenopause ones [(1.123 (0.758 - 4.532); P = 0.031]. Yet, in BG group, 1.729 times higher miRNA-21 expression was observed in menopause subjects (6.021 ± 3.583), compared to premenopause ones (3.500 ± 1.517; P = 0.022). Conclusion: Circulating miRNA-21 expression is a potential biomarker for early detection of breast cancer and might act as a breast cancer risk predictor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-569
Number of pages8
JournalTurkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Breast neoplasms
  • Diagnosis
  • Human plasma
  • miRNA-21

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