The signs of aging in humans can often be detected through a decrease in bone mass density (BMD). The decrease in BMD as a risk of osteoporosis is often only seen in women, but not in men, even though men also have a risk of osteoporosis which can affect their well-being. We conducted study searches through databases such as PubMed, EBSCO, ProQuest, Willey Online, Science Direct, and SAGE. We performed analysis on four types of Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms: BsmI, ApaI, FokI, and TaqI from 14 potential studies involving men. We found that several genetic analysis models of BsmI and FokI significantly affected BMD in men: BB vs bb in whole body BMD (SMD = 0.43, 95% CI = [0.12–0.75], p = 0.0008, BB vs Bb in whole body BMD (SMD = −1.38, 95% CI = [−1.87 to 0.88], p < 0.00001), and FF+Ff vs ff spine BMD (SMD = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.13–1.05], p = 0.001), even after adjusting for comorbidities as confounding variables. The present meta-analysis showed that BsmI and FokI polymorphisms of the VDR gene were correlated with decreased BMD in men which may contribute to the aging process and well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101571
JournalAgeing Research Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Aging
  • Bone mass density
  • Polymorphisms
  • Vitamin D gene receptor
  • Well-being


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