DM-calendar app as a diabetes self-management education on adult type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trial

Kusnanto, Komang Agus Jerry Widyanata, Suprajitno, Hidayat Arifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Era Disruption 4.0 demands development in the management of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) by using application-based intervention that can facilitate nursing intervention. The aim was to evaluate the effect of diabetes mellitus calendar app as a Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) program on self-efficacy, HbA1c levels, lipid profile, and insulin in adult type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: It was randomized experimental design — simple random sampling used with a total sample of 30 respondents. The instruments used diabetes management self-efficacy scales and standard of operational procedure blood sampling. The statistical tests used were a Paired t-test, Wilcoxon, and an Independent t-test. Results: DSME with an Android-based DM calendar affected self-efficacy (p < 0.001), HbA1c levels (p = 0.005), cholesterol (p = 0.009), triglyceride (p = 0.000), HDL-c (p = 0.048), LDL-c (p = 0.010), and insulin (p = 0.000) compared with the control group. Education with these electronic media has increased the perception of self-efficacy and improved the behavior of good self-management that can be seen from changes in controlled HbA1c level, lipid profile and insulin. Conclusion: The results of this study can be used as a reference for providing educational experimental in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-563
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Insulin
  • Lipid profile
  • Self-efficacy
  • Telenursing

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