The major histogenetic events of the rat cerebellum take place in the early postnatal days. During this period, precursors of microneurons, such as granule cells, form the external granular layer (EGL), extend over the surface of the primordial cerebellum, and actively proliferate. Postmitotic granule cells leave the EOL and migrate to the internal granular layer (IGL). On the other hand, guided by radial glial fibers, immature Purkinje cells migrate from the ventricular zone of the fourth ventricle and settle in the Purkinje cell plate with thickness of several cells. Various cell adhesion molecules are involved in the interaction between the migratory immature Purkinje cells and processes of the radial glia as the basis for contact guidance. The second process is the formation of immature Purkinje cells to the monolayer. This process takes place at the first week after birth of the rat and cell adhesion molecules such as neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), fibronectin, tenascin and Reelin are also suggested to play an important role for the cell patterning. When rat fetuses are exposed to X-radiation in the last gestation period, abnormal foliation of the cerebellum develops with ectopic Purkinje cells. The molecular mechanism that contributes to abnormal migration of Purkinje cells and foliar malformation induced by X-irradiation in the cerebellum are not yet clear. This study was undertaken to elucidate the mechanisms of ectopic Purkinje cell formation by examining the expression of cell adhesion molecules.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Biological sciences in space = Uchū seibutsu kagaku|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1998|