Diagnostic test accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF for tuberculous pericarditis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Andrianto Andrianto, Ni Made Mertaniasih, Parama Gandi, Stevanus Immanuel Silahooij, Makhyan Jibril Al-Farabi, Yusuf Azmi, Michael Jonatan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Xpert MTB/RIF is a rapid diagnostic instrument for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). However, studies reported varied accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis in pericardial effusion. Methods: We performed a systematic review of literature in PubMed, published up to February 1, 2020, according to PRISMA guidelines. We screened cross-sectional studies, observational cohort studies, and randomized control trials that evaluated the accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF in diagnosing TB pericarditis. Papers with noninterpretable results of sensitivity and specificity, non-English articles, and unpublished studies were excluded. The primary outcomes were the sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF. We conducted a quality assessment using QUADAS-2 to evaluate the quality of the studies. A bivariate model pooled the overall sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratios (PLRs), and negative likelihood ratios (NLRs) of included studies. Results: In total, 581 subjects from nine studies were analyzed in this meta-analysis. Our pooled analysis showed that the overall sensitivity, specificity, PLRs and NLRs of included studies were 0.676 (95% CI: 0.580-0.759), 0.994 (95% CI: 0.919-1.000), 110.11 (95% CI: 7.65-1584.57) and 0.326 (95% CI: 0.246-0.433), respectively. Conclusions: Xpert MTB/RIF had a robust specificity but unsatisfactory sensitivity in diagnosing TB pericarditis. These findings indicated that although positive Xpert MTB/RIF test results might be valuable in swiftly distinguishing the diagnosis of TB pericarditis, negative test results might not be able to rule out TB pericarditis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number761
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Extrapulmonary TBC
  • PCR
  • Pericardial Effusion
  • Xpert MTB/RIF


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