Development of hybrid membrane from clay/TiO2-PVA for batik wastewater treatment

Anwar Ma'ruf, M. Agus Salim Al Fathoni, Agus Mulyadi Purnawanto, Rina Asih Kusumajati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Hybrid membranes are currently being developed to find the membrane that is having good chemical and thermal resistance. This research devotes to the development of hybrid membrane from clay/TiO2 with PVA polymer and its application for colour wastewater filtration. The results show that the optimum concentration of PVA is 5%. At this condition, the hybrid membrane has a bulk density of 2 g/cc and porosity of 23.13%. The hybrid membrane produces the coefficient rejection of 79.48%. At the higher concentration of PVA, the filtration becomes not effective because the flux of membrane is very low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1255
Number of pages7
JournalNature Environment and Pollution Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Batik wastewater
  • Clay/TiO PVA polymer
  • Hybrid membranes


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