Development of an integrative empowerment model to care for patients with schizophrenia disorder

Dwi Indah Iswanti, Nursalam Nursalam, Rizki Fitryasari, Rian Kusuma Dewi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The main factor that causes a family the inability to care for patients with schizophrenia disorder is inadequate family-centered empowerment. Nevertheless, the family-integrated empowerment model has not been developed yet. This study aims to develop a integrative empowerment model to care for patients with schizophrenia disorder. Design and methods: The mixed methods research design was divided into two stages. The first stage used a cross-sectional method with a questionnaire to 135 families who cared for patients with schizophrenia disorder using purposive sampling. Data analysis was obtained using Partial Least Squares (PLS). The second stage is a focused group discussion (FGD) conducted with six families, seven health workers, and six social workers, and discussions with two experts for model development. Results: The integrative empowerment-based family empowerment model is developed from Outside-in empowerment (path coefficient = 0.309; t = 3.292) and Inside-out empowerment (path coefficient = 0.478; t = 4.850). Family factors is the most potent variable in shaping Inside-out empowerment (path coefficient = 0.217; t = 2.309). Moreover, re-meaning of caregiving is the strongest indicator that builds the Inside-out empowerment variable (t = 42.643). The value of Q2 is 0.433 indicates that this model can be generalized, since 61% of family ability to provide care for schizophrenia patients. Conclusions: Re-meaning of caregiving is the most potent indicator in shaping Inside-out empowerment, which is the strongest factor forming this model. Nurses assist families to be able to find activities that can generate positive meaning when caring for patients with schizophrenia disorder.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Public Health Research
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Family ability
  • family empowerment
  • family nursing
  • integrative empowerment
  • mental health
  • schizophrenia disorder

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