People who have lived more than 22 years in settlements around the fertilizer industry X are at risk of being exposed to SO2 from the increase in exhaust emissions produced by the boilers and power generation equipment in the fertilizer industry. The purpose of this study was to determine the Risk Quotient (RQ) due to exposure to SO2 and to measure the duration of exposure to SO2 that is safe in the residential area around the fertilizer industry X. This research is a quantitative study with an environmental health risk analysis method, with a sample size of 297 adult population respondents in residential areas around the center of SO2 emissions in the fertilizer industry X area. Data analysis was done using manual data calculations to determine the intake of SO2 (non carcinogenic), risk level or risk quotient (RQ), and safe duration (Dt safe) exposure to SO2 in the population around the fertilizer industry X. The results showed that the average non-carcinogenic intake of SO2 in settlements around the fertilizer industry X was at 0.057427415mg/kg/day. While the average risk quotient is 1.788347507 (RQ> 1), from a total of 297 respondents as many as 197 respondents with RQ> 1 and 100 respondents with RQ <1, it shows that> 50% of the population in settlements around the fertilizer industry X have health risks resulting from exposure to SO2. The average safe duration of exposure to SO2 in the population in settlements around the fertilizer industry X is 23.47 years, depending on the food intake and body condition of the respondents. The recommendation that can be given is to increase the weight of respondents and the right diet pattern by consuming nutritional intake that can detoxify the main toxin to reduce sulfur dioxide levels in the body, one example is the provision of vitamins E and C which can reduce oxidative effects such as lipid peroxidation and membrane damage in erythrocytes due to exposure to sulfur dioxide2. Besides that, a related stakeholder policy is needed to periodically measure SO2 concentrations in community residential areas around the fertilizer industry X, so that the air quality of people exposed to SO2 can be monitored and is still within safe limits. The company holds a CSR program involving the surrounding community by conducting routine health checks, greening programs around the fertilizer industrial area6.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2019|
- Risk Quotient
- Safe Duration
- Settlements around Fertilizer Industry X
- Sulfur Dioxide