Objective: To assess the prevalence of hypertension and to identify the causative factors. Method: The cross- cross-sectional study was conducted at Dr Soegiri Hospital, Lamongan, Indonesia, from March to July 2019, and comprised outpatients of either gender. Data was collected using a modified World Health Organisation STEPwise approach to surveillance questionnaire to identify the risk factors for hypertension. Data were analysed using the SPSS 16.0 statistical tool and logistic regression test. Results: Of the 184 subjects, 118(64.1%) were females and 66(35.9%) were males, and 96(52%) were aged <60 years. Overall, 120(65.2%) subjects were hypertensive; 80(66.7%) females and 40(33.3%) males. The two main factors that significantly influenced the incidence of hypertension were body mass index (p=0.001) and consumption of vegetables (p=0.013). After adjusting for confounding factors, only body mass index was found to affect the incidence of hypertension (odds ratio: 5.61; 95% confidence interval: 1.686-18.659). Conclusion: Body mass index and and dietary patterns affected the incidence of hypertension. After adjusting for confounding factors, only the former was found to have significant association with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S113-S117
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Blood pressure
  • Body mass
  • Dietary
  • Feeding
  • Hypertension


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