Abstract

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common health problem found in children. Understanding of the determinants of AD-related factors includes gender, family history, childbirth history, and exclusive breastfeeding. Objective: Analyzing gender, family history, childbirth history, and exclusive breastfeeding on recurrence of AD symptoms in children. Methods: This study employed a cross-sectional design with a purposive sampling method. The procedure for collecting data in this study included data on participant recurrence, gender, family history of atopy disease, childbirth history, and exclusive breastfeeding. The analysis used Chi-square and eta correlation test with p < 0.05. Results: The results showed that 56.0% of male participants experienced recurrent atopic dermatitis symptoms and 56.7% of female participants did not experience recurrence (OR = 1.664; p = 0.349). It was reported that 61.3% of participants did not experience recurrent atopic symptoms with a family history of 1 atopic person and 71.4% of participants experienced recurrence with 2 atopic families (F = 2114; p = 0.349). Most participants who were delivered through cesarean delivery did not experience recurrent atopic dermatitis symptoms as much as 56.0%, while participants who had a history of spontaneous delivery mostly experienced recurrent atopic dermatitis symptoms as much as 52.9% (OR = 1.500; p = 0.467). There was a significant association between participants who received exclusive breastfeeding and recurrent atopic dermatitis symptoms (OR = 4.444; p = 0.032). Conclusion: Recurrent of AD is influenced by exclusive breastfeeding and not influenced by gender, family history of atopy disease, and history of childbirth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102847
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Child health
  • Exclusive breastfeeding
  • Family history
  • Gender
  • History of childbirth

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