Detections of gastrointestinal parasites, including Giardia intestinalis and Cryptosporidium spp., in cattle of Banten province, Indonesia

Dyah Haryuningtyas Sawitri, April Hari Wardhana, Eny Martindah, Fitrine Ekawasti, Dias Aprita Dewi, Bambang Ngaji Utomo, Tomoyuki Shibahara, Masahiro Kusumoto, Masaharu Tokoro, Kazumi Sasai, Makoto Matsubayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastrointestinal parasites can induce low productivity in livestock by causing acute or chronic enteritis. Veterinarians make great efforts to design rational and effective hygienic protocols for both the prevention and treatment of diarrhea. Although prevalences can vary depending on the examined areas or the ages of the hosts, and the methods used for detections, it is helpful to accumulate data across many areas to evaluate parasitic distribution. A coprological survey in cattle was conducted in Tangerang, Banten Province of Indonesia, in order to determine the prevalence of the parasites, including those of diarrhea-associated diseases. Furthermore, the risk of transmission of Giardia intestinalis and Cryptosporidium spp. to human was genetically analyzed. Gastrointestinal parasites were detected in 87 of 109 cattle samples, including 85 carrying Eimeria spp., 36 carrying Fasciola gigantica, 35 carrying Strongyloides spp., 33 carrying Paramphistomum spp., and 15 carrying Capillaria spp. Giardia intestinalis and Cryptosporidium spp., parasites with zoonotic potential, were detected in 9 and 1 cattle samples, respectively. Molecular analyses identified the G. intestinalis isolate as a member of Assemblage E, which has been recently detected in humans in another country. These results may be helpful in understanding the hygienic risk affecting the livestock productivity and zoonotic potential of cattle in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Parasitic Diseases
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Assemblage E
  • Cryptosporidium
  • Giardia intestinalis
  • Indonesia, Tangerang

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