Detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli genes isolated from cat rectal swabs at Surabaya Veterinary Hospital, Indonesia

M. Thoriq Ihza Farizqi, Mustofa Helmi Effendi, R. Tatang Santanu Adikara, Ira Sari Yudaniayanti, Giovanni Dwi Syahni Putra, Aswin Rafif Khairullah, Shendy Canadya Kurniawan, Otto Sahat Martua Silaen, Safira Ramadhani, Saumi Kirey Millannia, Sergius Erikson Kaben, Yusac Kristanto Khoda Waruwu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background and Aim: Escherichia coli causes a bacterial illness that frequently affects cats. Diseases caused by E. coli are treated using antibiotics. Because of their proximity to humans, cats possess an extremely high risk of contracting antibiotic resistance genes when their owners touch cat feces containing E. coli that harbor resistance genes. This study was conducted to identify multidrug-resistant E. coli and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing genes from cat rectal swabs collected at Surabaya City Veterinary Hospital to determine antibiotic sensitivity. Materials and Methods: Samples of cat rectal swabs were cultured in Brilliant Green Bile Lactose Broth medium and then streaked on eosin methylene blue agar medium for bacterial isolation, whereas Gram-staining and IMViC tests were conducted to confirm the identification results. The Kirby-Bauer diffusion test was used to determine antibiotic sensitivity, and the double-disk synergy test was used to determine ESBL-producing bacteria. Molecular detection of the genes TEM and CTX-M was performed using a polymerase chain reaction. Results: Based on morphological culture, Gram-staining, and biochemical testing, the results of sample inspection showed that of the 100 cat rectal swab samples isolated, 71 (71%) were positive for E. coli. Furthermore, 23 E. coli isolates (32.39%) demonstrated the highest resistance to ampicillin. Four isolates were confirmed to be multidurg-resistant and ESBL-producing strains. Molecular examination revealed that three E. coli isolates harbored TEM and CTX-M. Conclusion: In conclusion, pet owners must be educated on the use of antibiotics to improve their knowledge about the risks of antibiotic resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1917-1925
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary World
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023


  • Escherichia coli
  • cat
  • extended-spectrum β-lactamase
  • multidrug resistance
  • public health


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