Deep learning approach to improve the recognition of hand gesture with multi force variation using electromyography signal from amputees

Triwiyanto Triwiyanto, I. Putu Alit Pawana, Wahyu Caesarendra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Variations in muscular contraction are known to significantly impact the quality of the generated EMG signal and the output decision of a proposed classifier. This is an issue when the classifier is further implemented in prosthetic hand design. Therefore, this study aims to develop a deep learning classifier to improve the classification of hand motion gestures and investigate the effect of force variations on their accuracy on amputees. The contribution of this study showed that the resulting deep learning architecture based on DNN (deep neural network) could recognize the six gestures and robust against different force levels (18 combinations). Additionally, this study recommended several channels that most contribute to the classifier's accuracy. Also, the selected time domain features were used for a classifier to recognize 18 combinations of EMG signal patterns (6 gestures and three forces). The average accuracy of the proposed method (DNN) was also observed at 92.0 ± 6.1 %. Moreover, several other classifiers were used as comparisons, such as support vector machine (SVM), decision tree (DT), K-nearest neighbors, and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). The increase in the mean accuracy of the proposed method compared to other conventional classifiers (SVM, DT, KNN, and LDA), was 17.86 %. Also, the study's implication stated that the proposed method should be applied to developing prosthetic hands for amputees that recognize multi-force gestures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104131
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Electromyography
  • Hand gesture
  • Time domain feature
  • Transradial amputee

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