3 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: The objective of this study was to describe the use of COVID-19-related medicines during pregnancy and their evolution between the early/late periods of the pandemic. Methods: Pregnant women who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 from March 2020 to July 2021 were included using the COVI-PREG registry. Exposure to the following COVID-19-related medicines was recorded: antibiotics, antivirals, hydroxychloroquine, corticosteroids, anti-interleukin-6 and immunoglobulins. We described the prevalence of medicines used, by trimester of pregnancy, maternal COVID-19 severity level and early/late period of the pandemic (before and after 1 July 2020). Findings: We included 1964 pregnant patients who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Overall, 10.4% (205/1964) received at least one COVID-19-related medicine including antibiotics (8.6%; 169/1694), corticosteroids (3.2%; 62/1964), antivirals (2.0%; 39/1964), hydroxychloroquine (1.4%; 27/1964) and anti-interleukin-6 (0.3%; 5/1964). The use of at least one COVID-19-related medicine was 3.1% (12/381) in asymptomatic individuals, 4.2% (52/1233) in outpatients, 19.7% (46/233) in inpatients without oxygen, 72.1% (44/61) in those requiring standard oxygen, 95.7% (22/23) in those requiring high flow oxygen, 96.2% (25/26) in patients who required intubation and 57.1% (4/7) among patients who died. The proportion who received medicines to treat COVID-19 was higher before than after July 2020 (16.7% vs. 7.7%). Antibiotics, antivirals and hydroxychloroquine had lower rates of use during the late period. Conclusion: Medicine use in pregnancy increased with disease severity. The trend towards increased use of corticosteroids seems to be aligned with changing guidelines. Evidence is still needed regarding the effectiveness and safety of COVID-19-related medicines in pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1560-1574
Number of pages15
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • COVID-19
  • COVID-19-related medicine
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • drug use
  • medicine use
  • pharmaco-epidemiology
  • pregnancy


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