Objective. The purpose of this research was to investigate the correlation between serum levels of surfactant protein-D (SP-D) with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) severity and mortality in COVID-19. Materials and Method. This was a prospective cohort research study that included 76 patients in the period from July to October 2020. SP-D serum levels were taken upon admission to the hospital, the diagnosis of ARDS and its grade were confirmed according to the WHO criteria, and then patients were observed for 28-day mortality. Results. The mean SP-D serum levels from 76 patients were 39.33 ng/ml (SD±31.884 ng/ml). The statistical analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between SP-D serum levels and the severity of ARDS upon admission to the hospital (P=0.04, Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient (rs)=0.26), but the correlation between serum levels of SP-D and mortality was not statistically significant (P=0.89; rs=-0.016). Conclusion. SP-D serum levels had a significant but weak correlation with ARDS severity, but were not significant for mortality.
- Surfactant Protein-D