Correlation between serum surfactant protein-D level with respiratory compliance and acute respiratory distress syndrome in critically ill COVID-19 Patients: A retrospective observational study

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Abstract

Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the manifestations of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with low respiratory compliance and poor oxygenation as main characteristics and mortality rate of 50%-94%. Surfactants, including surfactant protein D (SP-D), have a role in maintaining respiratory compliance. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between serum SP-D levels with respiratory compliance and ARDS in patients with critically ill COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study. Subjects were adult reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction-confirmed COVID-19 patients who had ARDS treated with invasive mechanical ventilation. All data were obtained from medical records. Statistical analysis was done using Spearman test, Mann-Whitney test, and receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: Serum level of SP-D was significantly correlated with static respiratory compliance (P = 0.009; correlation coefficient [rs] = 0.467). Serum SP-D levels correlated with ARDS severity (P < 0.001). SP-D levels had a very strong diagnostic value for ARDS severity, with an optimal cutoff value of 44.24 ng/mL (sensitivity 92.3%; specificity 94.1%). ARDS severity also correlated significantly with respiratory compliance (P = 0.005; correlation coefficient 0.496). Conclusion: Higher serum SP-D levels were associated with lower respiratory compliance, ARDS severity, and may be utilized diagnostically to identify patients with severe ARDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-210
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Coronavirus disease 2019
  • critical care
  • lung compliance
  • pulmonary surfactant-associated protein d
  • respiratory distress syndrome

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