Correlation between seasons and the prevalence of preeclampsia at tertiary hospital, Indonesia

Monika Lijuwardi, Budi Prasetyo, Muhammad Ardian Cahya Laksana, Rizki Pranadyan, Hanifa Erlin Dharmayanti, Pandu Hanindito Habibie, Erni Rosita Dewi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Preeclampsia is the second most common cause of maternal mortality following postpartum hemorrhage. In East Java alone the maternal mortality rate due to preeclampsia was 31%. Some studies explain that the incidence of preeclampsia can be caused by seasonal variations, whereas other studies say that seasonal factors can be a protective factor for preeclampsia. Objective: To find out how seasons relate to the prevalence of preeclampsia. Method: A descriptive analytic study using medical record data during. The sample meets the inclusion criteria, namely pregnant women with preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia, chronic hypertension with superimposed severe preeclampsia, or eclampsia. The exclusion criteria were pregnant women with chronic hypertension or gestational hypertension. The sampling technique used was total sampling and cross-sectional design with observation method using secondary data from medical records. Data was processed using IBM SPSS Statistics and presented narratively. Results: Respondents who experienced preeclampsia in the dry season were 558 people or 19.3% and those who did not experience preeclampsia were 844 people or 29.2% The results of data analysis with statistical tests using Chi-Square obtained a significance value or p-value of 0.091 (p> 0.05). Conclusion: No correlation between seasonality and the prevalence of preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3294-3299
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Dry season
  • Preeclampsia
  • Rainy season


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