Conventional endodontic retreatment of persistent pain on previously treated tooth in an elderly patient: A case report

Nina Dhaniar, Hermawan Adi Praja, Ratih Mahanani Santoso, Cendranata Wibawa Ongkowijoyo, Widya Saraswati

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Clinical evaluation for a successful root canal treatment is assessed by various criteria, which are clinical, histopathological, and radiographical criteria. Therefore, failure of endodontic treatment can be described as a recurrence of clinical symptoms, with the presence of a periapical radiolucency or both. Failure factors in the treatment are frequently related to persistent infection. Conventional endodontic retreatment is indicated for symptomatic previously treated teeth or asymptomatic teeth with inadequately done initial endodontic treatment to avoid potential recurrence. Endodontic retreatment in elderly patients is a great challenge because the clinician has to reassure both the physical and psychological factors of the patient to determine whether to save a tooth or perform an extraction. Some difficulties may also be found in root canal retreatment, including finding the root canal hole or root canal blockage found in parts of the root canal that have not been repaired in the previous treatment. A 60-year-old female patient came with the chief complaint of recurrent pain, and subjective discomfort in the maxillary left central incisor. The patient had anxiety about the dental treatment. The tooth had a history of root canal treatment four months ago. The clinical examination showed a positive response to the percussion test. The radiographical analysis showed a root canal underfilling, 2-3 mm short of length from the apex. The tooth was diagnosed as a previously treated tooth with symptomatic apical periodontitis. Endodontic retreatment was performed based on the patient's clinical condition and consent, followed by composite restoration. The clinical and radiographic re-evaluation after four weeks of follow-up revealed an excellent condition. This favorable result showed that a conventional retreatment plan of persistent pain on the previously treated tooth in an elderly patient led to progressive healing, and a longer follow-up was advised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-859
Number of pages6
JournalActa Medica Philippina
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Elderly patient
  • Endodontic retreatment
  • Persistent pain
  • Previously treated tooth


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