Control system optimisation of biodiesel-based gas turbine for ship propulsion

Affiani Machmudah, Elmi Abu Bakar, Raj Rajendran, Wibowo Harso Nugroho, Mahmud Iwan Solihin, Abdul Ghofur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reducing a gas emission of shipping transportations become a main goal of international maritime organization to achieve a clean energy. One of best scenarios to achieve this goal is to shift a fossil fuel to a renewable energy-based fuel of a ship propulsion. This paper studies an optimization of a control system of the renewable-based small gas turbine engine for the ship propulsion. Proposed control system consists of a proportional-integral with engine performance limiters to avoid an engine damage. Proportional-integral gains are tuned by a whale optimization algorithm. A gain scheduling analysis of a step response is performed to obtain a searching area of tuning parameters and values of constant gains. In this step, the gains are modeled as function of plant variables. After the searching area is obtained, the proportional-integral gains are optimized using the whale optimization algorithm while the additional gains are set as constant values. Using this scenario, stable and optimal gains have been successfully achieved. Results show that the proposed method has better performance than that of the previous methods, i.e. gain scheduling and gain scheduling optimized by the whale optimization algorithm. The proposed method has lowest fitness value and does not have an overshoot problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1990-2000
Number of pages11
JournalIAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • Biodiesel
  • Control system
  • Gas turbine
  • Ship propulsion
  • Whale optimization algorithm


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