Congenital Malformations and Deformations in Provincial Hospitals in Indonesia

Nartono KADRI, Sofyan ISMAEL, Noersida RAID, Achmad SURJONO, Agus HARIANTO, Immanual MUSTADJAB

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A study of congenital malformations and deformations in the neonatal period in 14 hospitals consist of 13 provincial government hospitals as teaching hospitals and one private children and maternity hospital is presented. The incidence of anomalies in the range of 6–15 per thousand of total births. The incidence in boys was higher than girls. Based on the ICD‐10, among the 2,621 anomalies, the most frequent of malformations and deformations were those of the musculoskeletal system (19.6%), followed by the nervous system (18.8%), the digestive system (18.7%), the circulatory system (12.9%), and the cleft lip and cleft palate (8.2%). Corrective and reconstructive surgery were performed by the Subspecialistic Division of the Surgical Department.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-423
Number of pages13
JournalCongenital Anomalies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995


  • congenital anomalies
  • distribution
  • incidence
  • reconstruction


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