Compulsory criteria for sustainable environmentally friendly energy

A. H. Ramelan, A. Supriyanto, Riyatun, Suryanto, F. Puspitasari, H. Krisyana, B. S. Effendi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Indonesia commits the Paris Agreement COP 21 related to handling climate change and the 13th Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from the United Nations. The two agreements require the fulfillment energy of large, reliable, environmentally friendly and sustainable energy. The provision of environmentally friendly energy is generally associated with (1) low greenhouse gases produced, always related to renewable energy. This paper is a study of the re-definition of “environmentally friendly energy”, adding that energy supply requirements must be (2) minimal in land use, (3) maintain ecosystem balance, and (4) properly manage waste. With these 4 criteria, an assessment of renewable energy is carried out, namely water, wind and solar, while new energy is nuclear. In addition to these 4 environmentally friendly criteria, energy sources must have sustainable properties. The new energy sources become transitional energy that will replace fossil energy whose sources are dwindling. Short-term sustainability is 24 hours, uninterrupted, while long-term is the availability of mining resources that ensure the sustainability of these energy sources. The study concludes that hydro/hydro energy and nuclear energy are the most environmentally friendly and sustainable combinations of energy providers compared to wind and solar energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012006
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 International Conference on Disaster Management and Climate Change, ICoDMC 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 9 Apr 2021 → …


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