Complementary and alternative medicine for glycemic control of diabetes mellitus: A systematic review

Erni Setiyorini, Mochammad Bagus Qomaruddin, Sony Wibisono, Titik Juwariah, Anggi Setyowati, Ning Arti Wulandari, Yeni Kartika Sari, Levi Tina Sari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly popular for the management of diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to conduct systematic review of any types of complementary and alternative medicine for glycemic control of diabetes mellitus. Four databases was used in this study, the CINAHL, PUBMED, SCOPUS, and ProQUEST. The systematic review were reported according to the PRISMA guidelines. The keywords were used according to medical subject headings (MeSH) in this study were diabetes mellitus AND complementary and alternative medicine AND blood glucose levels or blood sugar or blood glucose. Articles were limited to 2015–2021 and only in English language. We obtained 231 articles from these databases: CINAHL six articles, PUBMED 85 articles, SCOPUS 66 articles, PROQUEST 74 articles. Then, the final results recorded 17 articles. The results of a systematic review showed the effectiveness of natural products as CAM for glycemic control of DM, namely Berberis aristata/Silybum marianum, fenugreek seed, bitter melon, cinnamon or whortleberry supplements, a combination of herbal plants (C. spinosa, R. canina, and S. securigera), Nigella sativa, Mulberry juice, chicory, chamomile tea, and bell pepper juice combined with an integrated approach of yoga therapy. Mind body practices such as auditory guided imagery (AGI), qigong and tai chi exercises, and relaxation. Whole system approach, such as acupressure. Health care providers consider CAM for DM management.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Public Health Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • diabetes mellitus
  • systematic review


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