Comparison of UVA vs UVB Photoaging Rat Models in Short-term Exposure

Elly Mayangsari, Arifa Mustika, Nurdiana Nurdiana, Nozlena Abdul Samad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Prolonged exposure to sunlight is known to induce photoaging of the skin, leading to various skin changes and disorders, such as dryness, wrinkles, irregular pigmen-tation, and even cancer. Ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation are particularly responsible for causing photoaging. Objective: This study aims to identify and compare photoaging rat models exposed to UVA and UVB. Methods: This research method compared macroscopic (scoring degree of wrinkling) and microscopic (histology) signs and symptoms on skin samples of rat exposed to UVA and UVB for 4 weeks at a radiation dose of 840mJ/cm2. Results: The results of this study indicated that the degree of wrinkling was highest in rat skin exposed to UVB rays by 51% (p<0.05). UVB histological results showed that the epidermis layer (40 µm, p<0.05) was thickened and the dermis layer (283 µm, p<0.05) was thinned in the skin of mice exposed to UVB light. The UVB group, showed the density of collagen in the dermis with a mean value of 55% (p<0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggest that short-term exposure to UVB radiation (in the acute, subacute or sub-chronic phase) induces more rapid and pronounced damage to rat skin when compared to UVA radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-91
Number of pages4
JournalMedical Archives
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Disease
  • Photoaging model
  • Short-term exposure
  • UVA
  • UVB. Adipocytokines

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