Comparison of the inter-item correlations of the Big Five Inventory-10 (BFI-10) between Western and non-Western contexts

Joonha Park, Karlijn L. van den Broek, Navjot Bhullar, Charles Adedayo Ogunbode, Julie Aitken Schermer, Rouven Doran, Rahkman Ardi, Daniel Hanss, Daniela Acquadro Maran, Mai Albzour, Sibele D. Aquino, Arin H. Ayanian, Razieh Chegeni, John Bosco Chika Chukwuorji, Violeta Enea, Elahe Ghanbarian, Jihane Ghorayeb, Feng Jiang, Ojewumi Aderemi Kehinde, Samuel LinsMichael J. Lomas, Su Lu, Tiago Marot, Winfred Mbungu, Ginés Navarro-Carrillo, Charles Onyutha, Marc Eric S. Reyes, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Tomas Sollar, Hajra Tahir, Chee Seng Tan, Jorge Torres-Marín, Takashi Tsubakita, Tatiana Volkodav, Anna Wlodarczyk, Radha Yadav

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The Big Five Inventory-10 (BFI-10; Rammstedt & John, 2007) is one of many short versions of personality inventories that measure the Big Five trait dimensions. Short versions of scales often present methodological challenges as a trade-off for their convenience. Based on samples from 28 countries (N = 10,560), the current study investigated inter-item correlations estimated using Omega coefficients within each of the five personality characteristics measured by the BFI-10. Results showed that inter-item correlations were significantly lower, in the sample data from non-Western countries compared with the Western countries, for three of the five personality traits, specifically Conscientiousness, Extraversion, and Emotional Stability. Our findings indicate that the psychometric challenges exist across different cultures and traits. We offer recommendations when using short-item scales such as BFI-10 in survey research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111751
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • BFI-10
  • Brief scales
  • Inter-item correlations
  • Omega coefficient
  • Personality traits
  • Western vs. non-Western countries


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